The National Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine, also known as The Pirogovo Open-Air Museum, is one of the largest open-air museums in the world and occupies nearly 150 hectares (.58 square miles).
You will view the traditional life of the Ukrainian people, learn about rituals and traditions, and learn about historic culture and clothing
One school was brought to the museum as were churches and houses from all over Ukraine. All structures brought to the museum for viewing are more than 500 years old.
Each house has its own tale to tell, including the family who lived in it, how many children there were, and the job they were engaged in. We can also see from the simplest house, (widow’s house) a small hut, the widow lived with 8 children. In addition to the widows’ house, large houses of one financially rich family (at the time). Parents lived in one part of the house and the youngest son, with his new family, lived in the other part of the house.
In regards to the school, more than one hundred years old, only boys ages 8 to 15 attended and typically there was only one school for many villages. Since it was believed that the girls had no need to be literate, their destiny to give birth and raise children was more important than education or anything else. It was a curse for women to be unwed and without children, if older than 18. Women in Ukraine were, and still are, very family oriented.
Monks taught students in schools and curriculum was designed to prepare students for work in churches. The main topics of study were gospel, singing, calligraphy, Old Church Slavonic or Old Slavonic, Russian language, as well as mathematics. Boys were generally prepared to sing in the choir, read prayers or letters. Each family could afford to send their son to school and most did not have shoes, as shoes were privilege for rich families. During winter, students could not travel to school without shoes. Everyone dreamed about owning shoes.
Also on the territory we can see the wooden temples, nearly 500 years old. Each territory was recreated to according to the original landscape in Ukraine. For example, mountainous territory structures with extraordinary beauty were recreated as mountainous territories at Pirogovo.
During current holidays, traditional Ukrainian festivities are held here with fairs, competitions and concerts, delicious food (barbecue, borscht, dumplings, etc.) and fun for all ages.
The National Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine tour, also known as The Pirogovo Open-Air Museum tour, typically takes 3-4 hours.